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Essential Things To Know About Expository Essay Writing


In an expository essay, you should explain or describe the issue in a logical and clear way. Your position is supposed to be unbiased, and you should refer only to facts, not emotions or opinions, in the process of work.

There are several patterns of expository writing, and this is an essential thing that every student should be aware of. The basic patterns of expository writing are as follows:

  • Description.
  • Describe something in your work. Mention all possible features and characteristics of the subject and prove your position with suitable examples. When describing, you may refer to the five senses: smell, sound, touch, taste, and sight. Use the following key words and transitions: for example, namely, the main features are, etc.

  • Process.
  • Describe the process of how to do something. List all your steps in a chronological order.

    The commonly used transitions are as follows: first, second, finally, next, then, etc.

  • Comparison and contrast.
  • Find the similarities or differences between two entities. Use the following key words and transitions: similarly, on the contrary, alike, different, on the other hand, etc.

  • Cause and effect.
  • Analyze how two events or processes correlate. Discuss the causes and/or effects of a particular event. Be sure to use corresponding transitions: consequently, therefore, if… then, as a result, etc.

  • Problem and solution.
  • Raise a problem and provide one or several solutions.

    Use the following key words: the problem is, the puzzle is cracked, answer, question, etc.

You should organize your essay according to the assigned pattern. This is where the approaches to composing expository papers differ. However, there are some basic recommendations that are common for every pattern. Be sure to follow them, and your expository essay will always be a success.

  • Use precise and clear words.

    Avoid using words and phrases with double meanings.

  • Write in the second person.
  • Be objective, not subjective.

    Rely only on facts and prove your points with valid evidence.

  • Be concise.

    Don’t use long and complicated sentences and phrases. If you write simple, clarity is guaranteed. Paragraphs should be short and simple as well.

  • Use proper transitions to make your writing smooth and coherent.
  • Stick to a standard essay structure. Provide your thesis statement in the introduction.

    Your key supporting points should make the topic sentences of your body paragraphs.

    Summarize your ideas in the conclusion.

If you consider all aforementioned things, you will manage to craft a strong expository paper on any topic. Remember to read writing prompts carefully in order to recognize what expository pattern to follow.